Monday, November 3, 2014

Fire engulfs Project Deepak office building in Shimla

HISTORY : PROJECT DEEPAK
1. Raising & Early History. Project Depak was raised in May 1961 with Col S N
Punjh as Chief Enginer, primarily for the construction of Hindustan-Tibet (H-T) Road. The
H-T Road is one of the most dificult roads ever to have ben constructed in India. The 76
Km long Poh-Kaurik sector of H-T Road pases through considerable lengths of sher
vertical hard rock stretches and huge bouldery strata embeded in sand and non-cohesive
material, which is inherently unstable. The sector runs along the River Satluj crosing it at
several locations. The road runs at altiudes betwen 160 to 360 meters. On the whole,
the terain and climatic conditons are very uncongenial. Many valuable lives were lost
during the construction of this road. Thus, this work is a testimony to the sher grit,
determination and perseverance shown by PROJECT DEEPAK right from its early days.
The subsequent major events in the history of Project Depak include:-
(a) In 1965, construction of the 12 Km long Road Dhami-Basantpur-Kiongal and
107 Km long stretch of Road Keylong-Sarchu (part of the Manali-Leh road) was
entrusted to PROJECT DEEPAK.
(b) In December 196, folowing disbandment of Project Chetak, al roads of
Utaranchal were taken over by PROJECT DEEPAK. Thus, the 30 Km long Road
Rishikesh –Joshimath-Mana, 63 Km long road Road Joshimath-Malari and 260 Km
long Road Tanakpur-Askote-Tawaghat came under PROJECT DEEPAK.
(c) The early seventies saw Project Depak spreading its light (Depak Jyoti) in
the states of Rajasthan and even Punjab. Project Depak caried out construction,
improvement and maintenance of roads as wel as maintenance and improvement of
Ditch-cum-Bundhs and field fortifcations. With Project Chetak being re-raised in
1980, al works in Haryana and Rajasthan were handed over by Project Depak to
Project Chetak. In 202, the works in Punjab were also handed over to Project
Chetak.
(d) Project Depak has constructed 227.45 Kms of roads, 47 Nos of major
bridges and 182 Kms of Ditch cum Bunds since inception. The important roads
constructed include 12 Km Road Dhami-Basant Pur-Kiongal, 107 Km Road
Keylong-Sarchu, 30 Km Road Rishikesh-Joshimath-Mana and 258 Km Road
Tanakpur-Askot-Tawaghat. Project Depak has constructed major bridges in snow
bound and inhospitable terain, the important ones are Dubling, Shongtong, Shalkar,
Khab and Kharo bridge on Hindustan Tibet Road, curved bridge of NautiKhud on
Dhami-Kiongal Road and Tandi, Chode, Kothi and Palchan bridges on Manali-Sarchu
Road.
(e) During Operation Vijay, the Project earned laurels from the Army for the
exemplary maner in which the alternative axis to Leh, namely road Manali-Sarchu
was cleared and kept open in spite of the unprecedented vehicular trafic sen during
the period. The Project has ben at the forefront, lending a helping hand to the localpopulation in the moments of crises and calamity in the region. Be it the heavy snow
fal in Lahaul-Spit and Kinaur Districts of Himachal Pradesh in March 1979 or
flods in River Bhagirathi n 1978 necestiating the handing over of Roads Rishikesh- Utarkashi-Harsil-Lanka-Baironghati (237 Kms) by UP PWD to the Project or the
Baralachala snow tragedy in Oct 87, the Utarkashi earth quake in Oct 91 or the
Malpa tragedy in 198, flashflods in Kinaur in Jun/July 2013. Project Depak has
sen at al and has made signifcant contributions in providing relief and disaster
management.
(f) With ever increasing work load, Project Shivalik was carved out of Project
Depak in 209 to lok after works in Utarakhand. The work of Rohtang Tunel was
commenced by Project Depak Project. Rohtang Tunel was carved out of Project
Depak during Mar 2010 to supervise the actual construction of Rohtang Tunel.
2. Present Area of Jurisdiction. Curently, the Project jurisdiction is confined to
the state of Himachal Pradesh. 94 RCC, 108 RCC & 759 TF were inducted into Project
Depak during 201-12. Road Sumdo-Kaza-Grampho and Sansari-Kilar-Thirot –Thandi
were taken over by Project Depak from State PWD in 201 & 2012 respectively. At
present, Project Depak has a total of 1084.165 Kms of road under construction &
maintenance in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Besides this, the Project has 36.98 Kms of
road/mule tracks under its jurisdiction for maintenance only. The jurisdiction of the Project in
Himachal Pradesh covers mainly thre road sectors, ie. Road Manali-Sarchu, Hindustan- Tibet and Sumdo-Kaza-Grampho. In aditon, two roads linking the State of Jammu &
Kashmir namely Sansri-Kilar-Thirot-Tandi and Darcha-Shinkunla are also under the
jurisdiction of the Project. The details of Roads are as under:-
Ser Name Of Road Length (Kms)
(a) Wangtu-Poh 89.0
(b) Poh-Kaurik 76.0
(c) Manali-Sarchu 22.39
(d) Sansari-Kilar-Thirot-Tandi 140.315
(e) Sumdo-Kaza-Grampho 205.0
(f) Darcha-Shinkunla 39.60
(g) Dhami-Kiongal 12.20
(h) Sumdo-Murmi-Dogri 2.50
(j) Lepcha-Bargiok 4.50
(k) Dubling-Rishi-Dogri-Ganathang Bralam 3.50
(l) Nako-Tashigang 1.50
(m) Chango-Murmi-Dogri 14.50
(n) Shipkila-Lukume 6.50
(o) K Dungti-Nithal Tach 9.00
(p) Khab-Namgia-Chupan 23.150
(q) Chupan-Shipkila 5.280(r) Sugar Pt- Pong 23.40
(s) Sugar Pt- Lepcha 7.50
(t) Apch ed to North Portal 0.60
(u) Averipati- KLP 1.080
(v) Maling Alternate Route 26.250
(w) Apch rd to Palchan Road 0.350
Total Length 1084.165
3. Deployment of Units. Project Depak with its Headquarters at Shimla has two
Border Roads Task Force (BRTF) ie. 38 BRTF at Manali and 759 BRTF at Jeori. 759 TF
has 108 RCC at Sumdo & 68 RCC at Powari. 38 BRTF has 94 RCC at Udaipur and 70 RCC
at Istingir.
4. Recent Achievements of Project Depak. Project Depak is contributing in
nation building not only by way of providing aces to places of strategic importance, but
giving bost to socio-economic development of the area. The recent achievements of its
Task Forces are as folows:-
(a) 759 BRTF. Presently 759 BRTF is commited towards the widening of H-T
road to National Highway specifcations and developing the Indo-China-Border
Roads/infrastructure. Al of these are in the advanced stage of completion. This
includes the construction of four major bridges namely Averipati, Kasang, Akpa &
Pangi. The Task Force eforts in spedy restoration of lines of communication in the
cloudburst/flashflod damages in Kinaur District of Himachal Pradesh in June/July
2013 have ben apreciated by the State Government and the Army authorites.
(b) 38 BRTF. 38 BRTF is curently commited towards the upgradation to
National Highway specifcations of the strategicaly important roads of Manali – Sarchu (M-S), Sansari- Kilar-Thirot-Tandi (S-K-T-T) and Darcha-Shinkula (D-S). Al
these road traverse through one of the most intricate and chalenging stretches of
high altiude and snow bound area. The working period is limited to about 10 days
in a year. Due to heavy snow deposit, M-S road remains closed wef Nov to May
every year. However, considering the growing importance of the road for strategic
reasons, in 2012 and 2013, 38 BRTF has ben sucesful in keping the M-S road
open til Dec end and opening the road by end Apr, one month in advance, reducing
the closure gap from six to four months. Even, the internal roads of Lahaul-Spit
region were kept open throughout the winters for the first time in the history of the
region, giving sucor and relief to the locals in the region. This has ben apreciated
by the Govt of Himachal Pradesh by honoring 38 BRTF with ‘Civil Services Award’,
the highest State award for exemplary services in 2013.5. Honours And Awards. During the last 52 years, the Project has earned  its share
of laurels and continues to forge ahead with the moto “SADA AGE SABSE AGE” (Always
Ahead - Ahead of Al). The details of honours and awards are as under:
(a) Krithi Chakra - 01
(b) Shaurya Chakra - 39
(c) Sena Medal - 01
(d) Vishist Seva Medal - 03
(e) Utam Jevan Raksha Padak - 01
(f) Jevan Raksha Padak - 1
(g) COAS - 35
(h) VCOAS - 21
(j) Govt Commendation Certifcate - 56(k) DGBR Commendation Card - 162

Friday, October 31, 2014

HERITAGE SHIMLA

 BRITISH SUMMER CAPITAL
  SHIMLA
(QUEEN OF HILLS)

The presence of cedar forests has played a major role in the evolution and development of various architectural forms. The wood extracted from the cidar tree is full of strength and can be used in multistoreys, can withstand long periods of weather corrosion, the wood is insect and termite resistant.
The 'Kathkuni' or 'Kathkundi' style of building is something unique to this part of the world. A mesh of interlocking horizontal cedar (locally, deodar) sleepers is created - and in this dressed or raw stone is packed. A singular characteristic is the absence of vertical members. With inherent elasticity, the design has an enormous seismic response - there have been instances when tremors have dislodged the stones from the frame, and later, have been hammered back into the intact mesh of wood houses and temples in the style are present in the districts of Shimla, Kullu & Kinnaur.
Walls of rammed earth are popular all over and in the treeless tracts of the Trans Himalaya, some stunning architecture has been created on seemingly insurmountable sites. The quality of dressed or carved stone has created remarkable temples, forts and residences. Fine slate, or slabs of quartzite have provided roofing material.
This came to be known as Hill Architecture.With the coming of the Europeans, Himachal added another dimension to its rich architectural heritage. It went on changing and the initial simple Swiss-type cottages/German country houses were outshone by architectural marvels in Elizabethan style of English renaissance or Gothic or the splendour of dressed stones and gray slate roof. All this assimilated well with the character of Shimla. It enhanced, not diminished the beauty of the hill station.
The state capital has some of the world's finest examples of British colonial architecture. Inspired by the Renaissance in England, is the greystone former Viceregal Lodge (now the Indian Institute of Advanced Study), the neo Gothic structures of the gaiety theatre and the former imperial Civil Secretariat (now the Accountant General's Office). There are the Tudor framed Barnes Court (now the Raj Bhawan), and the distinctive Vidhan Sabha and the secretariat of the government of Himachal Pradesh. Some of the heritage buildings are :-
Ellerslie :  The Himachal Pradesh Secretariat (Ellerslie building) was designed by Lt. Col. H.E.S. Abbott 100 years back. This beautiful building was constructed after dismantling an old building of the same name that housed the Military Department of the Punjab Government till 1886.
Abbot sought permission for construction from the then Secretary of the Municipal Committee Major W.P. Larson and wrote " you are aware of the intensions of the Punjab Government to pull down the house 'Ellerslie' and build on the site a new set of offices to accommodate the whole of Punjab Secretariat." The permission was granted on 28th June, 1899. The inside of Ellerslie is made of stone quarried from Sanjauli and Barnes Court (Present Raj Bhawan) and stuck together using lime mortar. The brickwork too has lime mortar cementing. The Himachal Pradesh Secretariat occupied it in the summers of 1967. In July 1972 the "Summit Hall" where the cabinet meetings are held was spruced up and was given this name as initial summit meeting for Shimla Agreement between India and Pakistan. This building with sub-basement, basement and three floors, now has 143 rooms and 31 toilets. It covers and area of about 8663 meters. 
The Vice Regal Lodge :  On the Observatory Hills is located the Viceregal Lodge. Also known as Rashtrapati Niwas, it was formerly the residence of the British Viceroy Lord Dufferin, was the venue for many important decisions, which changed the fate of the sub-continent. It is quite befittingly the only building in Shimla that occupies a hill by itself. This rambling Scottish baronial edifice was designed by Henry Irvine, architect to the Public Works Department of the colonial government in India. The south facing entrance portico sees the visitor into the reception hall. The hall is marked by a grand staircase which springs from the right and spirals up three full floors. Facing the main entrance is the grand fireplace. A gallery with well-appointed teak panelling is the central space of the building around which the other rooms are arranged. The state drawing room, ballroom, and the wood-panelled dining room - decorated with coats of arms of former Governor-Generals and Viceroys - lead to the gallery at the lower level. Verandas and terraces surround the entire building at different levels. Those at the lower level link the lodge to the magnificent grounds while those on other floors provide superb views of mountains. Way back in 1888 this Lodge had electric light – when nobody else in Shimla did – and, would you believe it, an indoor tennis court! The lodge had extensive facilities including huge kitchens; separate rooms for storing table linen, plates, china and glass; laundry; an enormous wine cellar; a room for empty cases; boilers for central heating and running hot and cold water in the bathrooms. Pretty much as in Delhi’s Viceregal Palace, the Viceroy hosted lavish parties and entertained the royal princes and nawabs in style. Several momentous decisions were taken in this building. This was the venue of the Simla Conference in 1945. In 1947 , the decision to partition India and carve out the states of Pakistan and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) , was also taken here.
After independence, the Lodge remained the summer retreat of the President of India. In the early 60s the President of India, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, a leading philosopher and writer, and the Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru decided to make it a scholars’ den where the best minds would find an ideal retreat. That’s when the Indian Institute of Advanced Study moved into the Lodge in 1965.Obviously enough, some of the interiors had to be changed to accommodate the needs of the Institute. The state drawing room, ballroom, and dining room, for example, have been converted into a library; the Viceroy’s office is now the IIAS Director’s office; and the conference hall is now a seminar room for research scholars. Without the large contingent of Viceregal attendants and the resources, the ambience of this large estate is very different from what it used to be in the days of the Raj.The institute seems like the perfect setting for lively intellectual debates and discussions. The list of Fellows of the Institute includes names the Burmese Nobel peace prize winner Aung San Sun Kyi, who was a fellow here in 1986.
Christ Church : The most prominent building on the Mall is the yellow Christ Church, reputed to be the second oldest church in northern India. The Christ Church is the most important landmark here and is photographed by tourists. The silhouette of this can be seen on the skyline for miles around. It was designed by Colonel JT Boileau in 1844, but consecrated only after 1857. The clock was donated by Colonel Dumbleton in 1860, and the porch added in 1873.
It still has those lovely stained glass windows (five in all) for which it is so famed. Check out the one that represents the virtues of Faith, Hope, Charity, Fortitude, Patience and Humility.According to Mr. Bazel Dean, the pipe organ is one of the biggest in the country and was erected in September, 1899. Its tuning was completed on September 23, 1899, and the dedication and opening recital took place on September 28, 1899.The beautiful "king of instruments" was built by Messers Morgan and Smith of Brighten (England) at a cost of Rs 23,000. It was extensively repaired in 1932.The 155-year-old church first had an organ which was erected in 1855. The major portion of it cost £ 250 and was subscribed by Lady Gomm wife of the Commander-in-Chief.
In 1875, the organ was replaced by a new instrument which in 1899 was sold to the Rawalpindi Church to make room for the present organ. The two most expensive stops were presented by Air Mackworth Young and Sir James Walker, while the cost of decorating the pipes was defrayed by the Countess of Elgin to commemorate the marriage of her daughter Lady Elizabeth Bruce with H. Babington Smith in the church on September 22, 1898. In the winter of 1900 the six bells were hung in the tower. The actual cost of the church came out to be Rs 89,000.
Gorton Castle :  One of the most striking buildings of the British empire, Gorton Castle is a new-Gothic structure that had the famous Sir Swinton Jacob as its architect - the Rajasthan jaali work on its balconies obviously came from his forty five years of experience as the executive engineer of the princely state of Jaipur, completed in 1904, this was the Civil Secretariat of the Imperial Government of India and housed the Legislative, Lands, Education, Home Health and Finance departments. Today, this houses the offices of the Accountant General of Himachal Pradesh. This three floored building with about 125 small and big rooms became the seat of the Accountant General in 1947. This finest house in Shimla, according to Sir Edward Buck also has one floor paved with rosewood like timber blocks which were brought from Andaman Islands by B.Ribbentrop head of forest department. The site belonged to one Mr. Gorton, ICS in 1840. After changing hands thrice, it was purchased by a banker, Sir James Walker for Rs. 80,000. He wished to gift it for construction of Hospital After much discussion and persuasion the building was acquired for its officers and Sir Walker was given alternate site where Walker Hospital was constructed.
The Railway Board Building : Built in 1896-97, this unusual cast iron and steel structure once held the offices of the Railway Board and the Department of Commerce. But at a time when safety was a core-consideration for important buildings throughout the British Empire, this was designed to be structurally fire fire-resistant, and a recent blaze has testified to this in Shimla. The building was originally designated as the 'Public Works Department Secretariat Offices' and was fabricated by the Bombay based firm of Rishardson and Cruddas. Above road level, the building has four levels and with one side exposed, climbing down the hill, it has three basements. On the 10 Feb,2001 a blaze broke out in the top floor and standing testimony to its construction and to the subsequent restoration, no trace of this huge fire remains today and its facade is as imposing as ever. Presently, it houses many of the Central Government Offices.

Gaiety Theatre : The Gaiety Theatre, and a tradition of amateur theatrical remains in the stump of the once colossal edifice that was the Town Hall. The architect Henry Irwin, who built the Viceregal Lodge, designed the theatre building. In 1911, the upper portions of the building were dismantled as the structure was found to be unsafe. It was opened on the 30th of May, 1887, Queen Victoria's Jubilee Year and its God- Father was lord Bill Beresford, who saved the Simla A.D.C.(Amateur Dramatic Club) , time and again from financial ruin. The formal inauguration of the Simla A.D.C. took place in the year 1888 and since then plays have been staged in the Gaiety with unfalling regularty.The history of ADC goes back to the times when theatre was looked upon as a major and serious source of entertainment and, therefore became a cultural necessity for the English elite. Hence, Shimla became the home of amateur theatre and the Gaiety Theatre produced the best of the plays performed in London.
Among the leading theatre personalities connected with the Shimla Amateur Dramatic Club are: Field Marshal Lord Roberts, who remained president of the Club from 1891-1892 during his tenure as Commander-in-Chief of India; Major P.H. Dnyer, a distinguished producer and actor who acted in Loyalties, Interference and Mary Rose; Lord Bill Beresford, V.C. who was the Military Secretary to Viceroy Lord Lytton, famous poet and author Rudyard Kipling, Lord Kitchner, Mrs. Deane, Major General Sir Godfrey Williams, the Chief of Scouts, Colonel Baden-Powell, and Sir Dennis Fitz Patrick, Lieut-Governor of Punjab during 1895 and many others. Notable film personalities like K.L. Saigal, Prithvi Raj Kapoor, Shashi Kapoor, Jennifer Kendall, Raj Babbar, Anupam Kher, Manohar Singh, Nasseerudin Shah, frequently performed on the stage of the Gaiety theatre.
Wood Ville : Woodville is one of the oldest and finest houses of Shimla east. It became the honoured residence of the Commander-in-Chief in the year 1865, and its first occupant was General Sir William Rose Mansfield. After the year 1881 the Commander-in-Chief deserted it for Snowdon, near Lakkar Bazaar, which was burnt down some year back and the site is now taken by Indira Gandhi Medical College and  Hospital, also called Snowdon Hospital. In the year 1881 Woodville house was bought by Sir James Walker and afterwards passed on to the Alliance Bank of Simla, which used it as the manager's residence. The bank collapsed in the year 1923 and not long afterwards the house was bought over by Raja Rana Sir Bhagat Chand of Jubbal, who tastefully converted it into his summer Palace. After the Raja's death, the Palace has been turned into a hotel by one of his grandsons. The house has lovely surroundings, beautiful wooded walks, clusters of pine and deodars, and well-groomed lawns, reminiscent of a large German country-house. Woodville is an ideal refuge for people who really want peace and quietude, away from the madding crowd. The owner of the Woodville Palace Hotel lives within the estate

Annadale Ground : No Other landmark in Simla can revive more pleasant memories than the famous playground and race-course by the name of Annadale, located in a deep wide valley in the suburban village of Kaithu, simla west. This playground rests on a small patch of table-land about a three-quarters of a mile in circumferenceThe spur on which it stood was a sort of valley-flat which was greatly extended and improved. Now misnamed Annandale, the original name of this place was Annadale and this name is derived from a small story about it. The story is that Captain charles pratt Kennedy, one of the first incomers to this place, was so struck by the beauty of the valley that he saw, that be named after a young lady to whom he was so deeply attached in his young boyhood days. Her name was Anna and he combined it with the word 'dale' meaning a valley, thus calling the valley as Annadale. this spelling appears in the early lithographs of Simla done about the year 1840. Annandale, since its inception in the 1830s was the haunt of Anglo-Indian playful activities, amusements and entertainments. It was the favourite place for picnic parties, fetes and fancy-fairs, birthday-balls,flower and dog shows, army tatoos,races and gymkhanas,polo matches and other tournaments in 1888 which became a regular annual feature and which still bears his name although the venue of this tournament is now shifted to Calcutta
An ambitious improvement scheme was launched by Lord William Beresford, the Military Secretary to Lord Dufferin, and his keen interest in the expansion of Annandale ground gave the 'Cricketers a new pavilion and a polo field for the polo fans.' The cutting of a big piece of the hill cost nearly Rs 80,000 to which handsome amounts were contributed by the Indian Rajas. In the old regime there was a general committee for the maintenance of the ground and funds were derived from the rents paid by the gymkhana, polo and cricket clubs, race committee and other voluntary organisations. Presently there are no more races and the field is utilised as a helipad and for army exercise and parades, sports and occasionally for other kinds of assemblages like Dussehra festival celebrations. The very first fancy fair was held inAnnandale in the year 1839.
Scandal Point : Scandal Point is the hub of the town's social life. Behind this, stands the widetimber-framed Post-Office in Spartan brick and the building of the Church of Scotland, St. Andrew's. Arguably the Scandal Point still echoes the sentiments expressed by  Harrop,"The transmitters of gossip are ever at work and savory and unsavory secrets of our society are flashed to the uttermost limits of Simla with all the speed of wireless." There used to be a mechanical equestrian statue  here. It was a clever piece of mechanism, which smiles, salutes and slaps its horse occasionally, when it shows signs of undue activity and restlessness.  

The Road to Shimla : In the early days of Simla settlement the visitor to Simla required Herculean strength to cope with the hardship of uncomfortable, cumbersome and exhausting travel. By the 1860's the East India Railway had come only upto Ambala (Umbllah) from where one had to proceed by four wheeled 'Dak Garry' or Mail Wagon to Kalka, at the foot of Simla hills. These Carriages were mainly drawn by horse but at times bullocks or even elephants were utilised to pull them across the bridge-less River Ghaggar. From Kalka another eight hours of gruelling journey by 'Tonga', a two wheeled horse carriage, brought the visitor to Simla.The tonga was a greater affliction than the Dak Garry. It was a crude,uncomfortable but strong two-wheeled cart drawn by one or two Kabul ponies, harnessed in curicle style passengers sitting back to back, and luggage strapped on to the sides over the wheels,with the pathan driver at the reins. It accommodated 4 to 6 passengers. The other modes of transport of earlier days were bullock-carts, mule-trains, camels and horses, 'dandy' (a sedan chair slung on poles and carried by bearers) and 'jampan' or 'doli' which was a covered type of curtailed tiny box-like compartment, carried like the dandy. the janpan was described by one sufferer as 'a jolting, back aching abomination'
The Combermere Bridge : The Combermere Bridge on the mall is the oldest British landmark of Shimla. In the words of Captain Mundy, A.D.C. to lord Combermere (1928),"Lord Combermere amused himself, and benefitted the public by superintending the formation of a fine, broad,level road round the mount Jakhu, about three miles in length...worked entirely by Hill men...and skillfully done..and when finished, will be a great acquisition to the loungers of Shimla.This is the present Jakhu round, a favourite woody walk around JakhuHill." Across a deep ravine, a quarter of mile from the town, his lordship erected neat 'Sangah', or a mountain bridge of pines; and under it a capacious stone tank was constructed to obviate the great scarcity of water." The bridge still bears the name of Combermere and it was the first step towards the improvement of Simla.Present day bridge was built in 1971-72. Today Combermere Bridge is a busy spot surrounded by the lift to cart road, Indira Gandhi Khel Parisar, Fruit vendors and Pram Wallahas.
Seven Hills : Shimla is surrounded by Seven Hills , These hills offer a wide variety of trails to visitors to explore. The seven Hills are :
i) Prospect Hill in western Shimla, which has the Kamna Devi temple.
ii) Summer Hill in western Shimla, where the campus of Himachal Pradesh University is located.
iii) Observatory Hill in western Shimla, where the Indian Institute of Advanced Study is found.
iv) Inverarm in western Shimla, where the State Museum is located.
v) Bantony in central Shimla, which has the Grand Hotel.
vi) Jakhoo in central Shimla, which is crowned by the temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman.
vii) Elysium in north-western Shimla, which holds Auckland House and Longwood and reaches out towards the Bharari spur.

Bhalku and Kalka-Shimla Railway : The 95 kilometer long Kalka-Shimla Railway track, a unique feat of engineering, was laid under the guidance of Bhalku Sirmauri. He guided the engineers showing them the line, the track should take. Legends is that the track was revealed to him by the Devta. Railway line was laid exactly on the trace shown by him. It was built under the supervision of H.S. Harington, Chief Engineer. With the growth in the simla population,permanent and floating, the M.C.C. (Motor Car Co.) was not found capable enough to cope with the growth transport of passengers,luggage and the provisions of everyday consumption which had to be brought in from the markets in the plains and a necessity was felt to find a better alternative means of transport.So a Mountain Railway Project was planned in 1847. The narrow gauge track (2ft. 6 in. gauge) runs through picturesque mountain scenery ascending from 2800 feet to 7000 feet. From Kalka (at 640 m) the track rises to Simla Railway Station (2060 m) through 103 tunnels and passes through 800 bridges and 900 curves. Barog tunnel 2.8 Km long is the longest tunnel.

Thursday, October 30, 2014

YOGINDERA TOURS & TRAVELS PROFILE


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Tuesday, May 14, 2013

Unforgetabble himachal

CHAMBA VALLEY     perhaps the loveliest in himachal ,is known for its scenic attractions ,sprakling streams lakes, meadows and lush deodar forests. Crowned with high mountain ranges, Chamba rich in wildlife is home to animals like the elusive snow leopard ,ibex, brown bear and the musk dear. A splendid artistic heritage includes fine temples architecture beautiful miniature pantings and exquisite embroidered Chamba rumals . Chambas serene beauty makes it the ideal holiday retreat .


Chamba  Resplendent with historically and architecturally important buildings, chamba town in its temples and palaces preserves much of its rich medieval past.
  Perched on a platue over hanging the river  Ravi, the town is named after Champavati ,daughter of Raja Sahil Varma of the Bharmaur royal house who shifted his capital here in 920 AD . Isolated by high mountains in its beautiful valley, Chamba over the centuries was allowed to develop its own style of "Phari" art and architecture.

Much of this heritage has been preserved and Chamba , known for the splendour of its temples and handicrafts , is replete with artistic masterpieces.
 Still intact fine group of six ancient shikhara  style stone temples ( dating back to 8th century ) are decicated to Lord Shiva ,Vishnu and other Deties.
Among then the richly carved Lakshmi -Narayan temple is the oldest Structure.
Other evidence of chamba's heritage can be seen in the famous collection of miniature paintings from the kangra ,Basholi and Chamba school at the Bhuri Singh Museum ,as well in the murals and other Mahal Palace.
   Chaugan , the grassy medows at the heart of the town, is also the center of its cultural activities . in July/August each year , the minjar fair is held here.
Valley Gods and Goddess in their mahestic palanquins are brought down from the mountains to pay homage to Lord  Raghuvira the presiding deity of the valley . During the week long harvest fiar, the grounds come alive as villiages in colourful dresses celebrate with sport ,songs ,dance and music. The Hari Rai temple near the Chaugan (dating back to th 11th century) known for the four armed bronze statue of Lord Vishnu(Chaturmurthi) is masterpiece in metal craft.
Overlooking the town a little distance away, the temple of goddess Chamunda Devi has some of the finest wooden carvings that adorn its exterior and interiors. Chamba is 120 Kms from Pathankot(the nearest rail head)390 kms away from Shimla and 45 kms from Dalhousie .



Yogindera Tours and Travel Welcomes you to Himachal pardesh
visit us at www.yogitravelsshimla.com

Monday, September 3, 2012

Historical Background

Historical Background
:Himachal Pradesh came into being on 15th April,1948 as a centrally administered territory by the integration of 30 erstwhile princely States. At that time the State had four districts viz. Chamba, Mahasu, Mandi and Sirmaur and its area was 25,839 sq.kms.Later in 1951, it became a part “C” State under a Governor with a 36 Member Legislative Assembly and a three member cabinet. In 1954, Bilaspur, another part ‘C’ State was merged with Himachal Pradesh thereby adding one more districtwith an area of 1,168 sq. kms. And the strength of its Assembly was raised to 41.In 1956, despite the majority recommendations of the State Re-organization Commission for its merger with Punjab, Himachal Pradesh retained its separate entity. On November 1, 1956 it again became a Union Territory under an Administrator designated as Lieutenant Governor and its Assembly was abolished. In 1960, a new border district of Kinnaur was carved out of Mahasu district. Then in 1963, Assembly was revived and a popular Ministry was formed. Till October, 1966 the old Himachal Pradesh comprised the six hill districts of Bilaspur, Chamba, Kinnaur, Mahasu, Mandi and Sirmaur with an area of 27,007 sq. kms. Having a population of 13,51,144 persons(1951 Census).On 1st November, 1966, it was enlarged by merging the district of Kangra, Shimla, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, the Nalagarh tehsil of Ambala district, some parts of Una tehsil of Hoshiarpur district and Dalhousie of Gurdaspur district of the then Punjab State. With this merger the total area of Himachal Pradesh increased to 55,673 sq. kms. And its population to 28,12,463(1961 Census). Now it comprised the Districts of Bilaspur, Chamba, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, Mahasu, Mandi, Shimla and Sirmaur. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh attained Statehood.Reorganization of the districts took place on1st September, 1972 as a consequence whereof two more new districts namely Una and Hamirpur were created mainly as a result of trifurcation of the erstwhile Kangra district. Also from the then existing districts of Mahasu and Shimla, new districts of Shimla and Solan were formed by 9eorganizing the boundaries of old districts.Presently, the strength of Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh is 68. To the Union Legislature, Himachal Pradesh is represented by 4 Members to Lok Sabha and 3 Members to Rajya Sabha. The Pradesh has got a High Court and a Public Service Commission located at Shimla. There are three Universities in the Pradesh. One for general education with its seat at Shimla, the other Agricultural University with its seat at Palampur and the third is Horticulture and Forestry University with its seat at Nauni(Solan) .


Yogindera Tours & Travels Welcome you to Himachal Pardesh
visit us at www.yogitravelsshimla.com

Monday, July 11, 2011

What awaits on your honeymoon in Shimla

Shimla is one of the most sought after holiday destinations in India. It is rightly known as the queen of hill stations. Given its easy accessibility by road, rail and by air, Shimla is the first choice of honeymooning couples. The arboreal beauty of this place is beyond compare. The oak, deodar and pine make up much of the tree population of Shimla while the scenic landscapes make for an attractive background. The ambience and the charm of Shimla captivate the tourists’ imagination and add color to the romance of the honeymooners.

The Mall is the center for shopping which is the most well known in whole of Shimla. The honeymooning couples have at their disposal, all the amenities of modern city life. Popular clubs, restaurants, banks, bars and tourist offices are abundantly distributed in this happening part of Shimla. The Gaiety Theatre is the cultural hub while the Ridge is the coolest hangout zone.

The Christ Church is the second oldest church in this part of India. It constitutes a famous landmark in Shimla. The Jhakhoo Hill being the highest peak in Shimla provides for breath-taking sights of Shimla and the snow-covered peaks of the imposing Himalayas. The Jakhoo Temple is another must see at the top of the peak. The Summer and Prospect Hills are deemed conducive to enhancing the honeymooners’ experience of love and romance. An outing in the shady walkways of this part of Shimla is the idea of a romantic fooling around. The Tara Devi Temple situated atop the Tara Parvat is one of the major attractions in Shimla. The other recommended see around include the Sankat Mochan Temple, Shimla State Museum, St Michael’s Cathedral, Chadwick Falls, Botanical Gardens and the Kali Bari Temple.

As far as hospitality and transport are concerned, one can expect the best in their respective industries. Shimla tourism has witnessed tremendous growth and it has set standards in terms of living up to the tourists’ expectations.

The verdict is already out. Shimla honeymoon tours are more than just worth it. A tour to Shimla is the perfect gift for a honeymooning couple.




Yogindera Tours & Travels welcomes you to Himachal Pardesh

visit us at    www.yogitravelsshimla.com/ 

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